South Africa General Elections 2019

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National Assembly Election Schedule, Provincial Elections Schedule, & IEC Electoral Commission of Republic of South Africa

Municipal BY-Elections Schedule 2019                   Municipal By-Elections Results 2019

The South African General Elections are expected to be held in the year 2019. These General Elections are held to form National Assembly and Provincial Legislatures in each and every province of South Africa. The term of South African National Assembly is 5 years and the last General Elections were held on 7th May 2014. Most probably the General Elections in South Africa are expected to be held in the month of August 2019 because the term of current National Assembly ends by the 6th of May 2019. After 6th of May the National Assembly will be dissolved and there will be a 90 days time for the General Elections.

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South African Electoral System:

The South Africa Electoral system is a Parliamentary Election system. The South Africa constitutes 9 Provinces. The National Assembly of South Africa consists of 400 members. Out of these 400 members 200 members are elected from the 9 provinces and the rest 200 members are elected from the national party lists through a proportional representation. The elected 400 members will elect the President of South Africa.

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Major Political Parties in South Africa:

  • African National Congress
  • Democratic Alliance
  • Economic Freedom Fighters

Types of Elections in South Africa:

The Elections in South Africa are mainly tow types they are

  • National & Provincial Elections
  • Municipal Elections
  • Municipal By-Elections
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National & Provincial Elections in South Africa:

The National & Provincial Elections or General Elections in South Africa are held once in every five years because the term of the National Assembly will be for five years.

In South Africa, the voters cast their vote for the political party not for the candidates chosen by the political party because the South African electoral system is based on PR voting system. PR voting system is nothing but Proportional Representation, where the voters of South Africa will elect the political party. These political parties depending on their PR Voting will get their share or seats in the Parliament. Depending on the percentage of votes polled and the total percentage of votes present in the South Africa, Political Parties decides the number of members.

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Municipal Elections in South Africa:

The Municipal Elections in South Africa are held once in 5 years. These Municipal elections are held in hybrid system i.e. Hybrid system which combines both proportional representation & ward system.

In South Africa there are 3 types of Municipal Councils they are:

  • Metropolitan Councils
  • Local Councils
  • District Councils

Municipal Elections in Metropolitan Councils:

The Municipal Elections in Metropolitan Councils include both Metropolitan proportional representation and council ward. (Includes both PR voting system and direct voting system)

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Municipal Elections in Local Councils:

The Municipal Elections in Local Councils include both Local Council ward and Local Council proportional representation. (Includes both PR voting system and direct voting system)

Municipal Elections in District Councils:

The Municipal Elections in District Councils include both District Council ward and District Council proportional representation. (Includes both PR voting system and direct voting system)

Municipal By-Elections in South Africa:

Municipal By-Elections will be held only when the Municipal Ward Council becomes vacant. The Vacancy may be due to the death of the Ward Councilor or Resignation etc. These Municipal By-Elections will be held within the 90 days of the expulsion or resignation or death of the Ward Councilor.

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IEC South Africa Electoral Commission

The Electoral Commission of South Africa is an autonomous constitutional body which is responsible to conduct the elections in South Africa. The main motive of the IEC South Africa is to conduct the elections in an appropriate manner. The main duty of Electoral Commission of South Africa is to conduct the elections for the legislative bodies and to register the votes across the country and to maintain the Voters roll transparently. Voters Roll is authenticated record or register which contains the electorate of South Africa. The Constitution of Republic of South Africa formed this IEC to be an independent and autonomous constitutional body to perform their duties in a transparent and fair way.

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South African Electoral Commission IEC Duties:

  • IEC is responsible for the Voters Registration in South Africa
  • IEC maintains the Voters Roll (Authenticated Register of Electorate)
  • IEC is responsible to conduct National Elections in Republic of South Africa
  • IEC is responsible to conduct Provincial Elections in Republic of South Africa
  • IEC is responsible to conduct Municipal Elections in Republic of South Africa
  • IEC is responsible to declare the results of the Elections in Republic of South Africa
  • IEC is responsible to conduct the Elections in Free and Fair manner in South Africa

As we know the Republic of South Africa contains 9 provinces, the Electoral Commission of South Africa IEC has provincial offices located in each province of South Africa. Each Province consists of a Provincial Office and that office will be run by the Provincial Electoral Officer. The Nine Provinces of Republic of South Africa are:

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Eastern Cape

Free State

Gauteng 

KwaZulu-Natal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

North West

Northern Cape

Western Cape

Provincial Electoral Officers of 9 Provinces of Republic of South Africa:

S.NO Province of Republic of South Africa Provincial Electoral Officer
1 Eastern Cape Province Kayakazi Magudumana
2 Free State Province Jabulani Tshabalala
3 Gauteng Province
4 KwaZulu-Natal Province Mawethu Mosery
5 Limpopo Province Nkaro Mateta
6 Mpumalanga Province Steve Ngwenya
7 North West Province Tumi Thiba
8 Northern Cape Province Bonolo Modise
9 Western Cape Province Courtney Sampson
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